Risk factors and preventionfitness

Stroke and heart attack arise out of various causes that are called risk factors. Some of them, so called suggestible risk factors, can be lowered by our own initiative. To stay healthy you need to be physically active (walk at least 10 000 steps a day), eat healthy (limit animal fat in your diet), limit alcohol consumption, have appropriate body weith and do not smoke (smokers have six times higher risk for experiencing a stroke).

There also non-suggestible risk factors, such as age and some of the hereditary diseases that require regular medical examinations and medical treatment. Therefore, it is important to have regular appoitments at the physician and otther specialists (internist, cardiologist, diabetologist, neurologist and so on). This is so called primary prevention thanks to which we can prevent vascular diseases completelly or lower the risk significantly.


Suggestible factors (diseases that we can correct with medicine):

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Various heart/heart valves diseases or arrhytmia
  • Elevated level of cholesterol in blood (hyperlipidemia)
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Lifestyle (smoking, alcohol and other drugs, hormonal contraception)


Non-suggestible factors:

  • age
  • heredity and others




Sticking to a healthy lifestyle is an efficient prevention. Therefore, it is important not to smoke, check your body weith, be physically active (brisk walking for at least 30 or 40 minutes), prevent excessive alcohol consumption, avoid stressful situations. It is recommended to have regular appoitments at the doctor and use prescribed medicine to correct diseases that increase a risk of a stroke or a heart attack.